The CIA program MKUltra was designed to research biological and chemical weaponry during the Cold War. However, the program ran from the 1950s to 1973, escalating beyond its original scope.
The experiments expanded into mind control using abuse, drugs, hypnosis, sensory deprivation and torture. The program was rolled out in universities, the pharmaceutical industry, prisons and hospitals, with a total number of around 80 institutions involved. A formal apology from the US government was delivered in 1995.
4. Operation Snow White
In the 1970s, the Church of Scientology performed one of the biggest infiltrations of the US government in history. Around 130 organisations, agencies and foreign embassies were infiltrated and somewhere around 5000 Scientologists were involved in spying and stealing from the government. They managed to steal hundreds of documents and wiretapped many channels of communication.
3. Operation Paperclip
After the Second World War, President Truman authorised Operation Paperclip. This was an operation run by the Office of Strategic Services in the US and involved the recruitment of scientists from Nazi Germany to the US, where they would be able to work and live. They were all cleared to work, and included Werner von Braun, Arthur Rudolph and Hubertus Strughold.
The scientists had their records wiped clean, their Nazi affiliations were expunged from them, and they were given new false background details and employment history.
2. Project Sunshine
During the 1950s, the US government wanted to research how radiation and fallout from nuclear weapons would affect the human body.
Instead of getting corpses of people that had consented to their bodies being used for science, the government stole dead babies. This was uncovered when mother Jean Prichard requested the body of her stillborn child, so that she could measure it for clothes for the funeral. She was refused, as the government had taken the body to be used for experiments.
During the 1980s, the German pharmaceutical company Bayer had discovered that one of their medicines designed for haemophiliacs had become contaminated with HIV. They recalled the drug in some countries, but rather than destroy all their stock from Europe and the US, they sold it to other countries in Latin America and Asia.
As a result, it’s reported that more than 10,000 people around the world became infected with HIV and hepatitis C from using the contaminated product.