5. The Nazca Lines
Similar to the lines discovered in Sajama, the Nazca Lines of Peru, incorporate a network of near perfectly straight paths traversing great distances. The Nazca lines however, also include several very large figures carved into the local terrain. A monkey, spider and hummingbird are among the images which also include several ocean animals such as a whale and shark. Believed to be created sometime between 500 BCE and 500 CE these images are astonishingly detailed with the largest measuring 200 metres (660 feet) across. It is believed that these images may have had religious significance, acted as markers or even been earthly representations of celestial constellations.
4. Giant Statues Of Easter Island
Built by the inhabitants of Easter Island between the years 1250 CE and 1500 CE, these gigantic stone statues are shrouded in mystery. The 887 statues in total range in size and weight with the tallest being almost 10 metres (33 feet) high and the heaviest weighing in at a mind boggling 86 tons! The statues were placed around the island’s exterior at various sites and are believed to have symbolised protection over the tribes of the island. The most baffling mystery is how these statues were moved from the stone quarry to their final resting places many miles away. Scientists now believe the massive stone carvings remained upright and were ‘walked’ into position. Using ropes and a push-pull motion from the sides, constant force was applied from the front allowing these giants to step their way across the island.
3. Gobekli Tepe
In modern-day Turkey a recently uncovered site known as Gobekli Tepe has archaeologists very confused. This mysterious site comprises of about 20 circles made up of more than 200 stone pillars some weighing as much as 20 tons! The site dates back to 10 000 BCE and pre-dates the invention of the wheel, writing, pottery and even farming and is older than Stonehenge by more than 7 000 years! The discovery proves that hunter-gatherers had the means to built monumental stone complexes, a feet that was previously thought to have only been accomplished after the invention of farming techniques. It has been suggested that it may have been created for religious purposes and that the construction was overseen by priest-like figures. Scientists remain baffled as to how the 500 or more strong workforce were fed and organised during a time of the simple hunter-gatherer lifestyle.
2. Yonaguni Monument
The Yonaguni monument is a mysterious temple-like structure buried beneath the waves off the coast of Japan that many believe is man made. Professor Masaaki Kimura from the University of the Ryukyus who has studied the site for some time says he can identify several monuments, roads, a pyramid and even a stadium within the complex. Kimura believes that the mysterious city may have been built some 2000 to 3000 years ago in an area that was originally above sea level. Sometime later it became submerged after tectonic activity caused the land to sink. Some believe that this mysterious sunken city may be proof of the lost continent of Atlantis.
1. Stone Spheres Of Costa Rica
First discovered in the 1930’s by the United Fruit Company while clearing the jungle for banana plantations, these gigantic stones are near perfect spheres. To date, no one has been able to say exactly what they are or where they came from, however it is suggested that they may be up to 1400 years old. Originally thought to be filled with gold, one myth suggests that these mysterious stone balls were originally from the lost city of Atlantis. Another says that Tara, the God of thunder used a gigantic blowpipe to shoot the balls at the Gods of the winds to drive them away from the area. Some believe the makers of the spheres possessed a potion that could soften the rock from which it was made. Scientists now speculate that these gigantic balls may have lined the pathways leading to the tribal chief’s dwellings or had some sort of astronomical significance. As the history of the people who made them vanished after the Spanish conquest, we may never know their true origin.